- Oncology. 2006;71(3-4):203. Mavrousis, D [corrected to Mavroudis, D].
It was the aim of this study to evaluate the activity and tolerance of gemcitabine and oxaliplatin in pretreated metastatic breast cancer patients.
Thirty-one patients who had disease relapse or progression after completion of an anthracycline- and/or taxane-based front-line regimen were treated with gemcitabine 1,500 mg/m(2) on days 1 and 8 as a 30-min intravenous infusion and oxaliplatin 130 mg/m(2) on day 8 as a 4-hour intravenous infusion, in cycles of 21 days.
Complete response occurred in 1 patient (3%) and partial response in 4 patients (13%) (overall response rate 16%; 95% confidence interval 3.2-29.1). Nine patients (29%) had stable disease and 17 (55%) progressive disease. Three partial responses (13%) were achieved among 23 patients receiving the regimen as third-line treatment. The median duration of response was 6 months (range 3-44.8), the median time to tumor progression 4.6 months (range 0.8-43.8), and the median survival 14.4 months (range 2.1-44.8). Grade 3 and 4 neutropenia occurred in 14 patients (45%), grade 3 and 4 thrombocytopenia in 6 patients (20%), and grade 2 and 3 asthenia in 4 patients (13%). There was no episode of febrile neutropenia.
The gemcitabine-oxaliplatin combination is a relatively active and well-tolerated salvage regimen in patients with heavily pretreated metastatic breast cancer.